Oct 27, 2021  
Fitchburg State University 2013-14 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
Fitchburg State University 2013-14 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 

Music

  
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    MUSC 1500 - World Music


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This World Music course serves two primary purposes: 1) it teaches students about cultures around the world, and 2) it helps to understand the various intrinsic functions of non-Western and Western music. By examining the music of peoples from various regions, this course addresses multicultural themes and the ubiquitous role of music in society. AOM, ART, GDAN

  
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    MUSC 2000 - Commonwealth of the Arts


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    Music’s reflection of the values and ideals of societies past and present are explored. Inter-relationships among the fine arts disciplines are examined. AOM, ART, GDAN

  
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    MUSC 2100 - Commonwealth of Ancient Arts


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    An interdisciplinary study of the humanities in ancient Western and non-Western cultures. It is a systematic overview of painting, sculpture, architecture, music, literature, drama and philosophy in a historical context of significant cultures, including Paleolithic, Neolithic, Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Chinese, Indian, and American. Influences among these and other cultures will be presented. This course is cross-listed as IDIS 2100 . AOM, ART, GDAN

  
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    MUSC 2120 - Commonwealth of Asian Arts


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    An interdisciplinary course covering the art, music, and philosophy of several Asian countries: India, China and Japan among them. Students will learn to analyze art and music and to connect these forms with the underlying philosophy and major religious influences of each country. This course is cross-listed as ART 2120 . ARTS, GDAN, AOM

  
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    MUSC 2130 - Commonwealth of the Arts: Classical through Contemporary


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered at least once a year.

    Music’s reflection of the values and ideals of societies from the Classical period through the present (1750-early 21st C.) are explored. Inter-relationships among the fine arts disciplines are explored including a systematic overview of painting, sculpture, architecture, music drama and philosophy. Western and non-western examples are included. ART, AOM, GDAN

  
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    MUSC 2200 - Basic Music Theory


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Fall.

    The course examines rhythmic notation, including meters and tempo. Emphasis is placed on melodic notation, including intervals, scales and keys. Dynamics, an introduction to key relationships and transpositions, as well as other selected topics are covered. AOM, ART

  
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    MUSC 2210 - Commonwealth of the Arts: Medieval to Baroque


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    Music’s reflection of the values and ideals of societies from the Medieval period through the Baroque (500-1750) are explored. Interrelationships among the fine arts disciplines are explored including a systematic overview of painting, sculpture, architecture, music drama and philosophy. Western and non-western examples are included. This course is cross-listed as IDIS 2210. ART, AOM, GDA

  
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    MUSC 2240 - Harmony I


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The course involves the harmonization of simple melodies and studies principles of modulation and key relationships.

    Prerequisite(s): MUSC 2200 .
  
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    MUSC 2300 - Choral Arts


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    A mixed chorus (soprano, alto, tenor, bass), this choir prepares choral works from various periods and styles. Section 1(choir) is open to all students. Section 2(chamber singers) is by audition only. Either ensemble partially satisfies the ensemble requirement for music minors; 3 such credits count as one ARTS course for LA&S. Extra performances are required. Both sections may be repeated for credit. AOM ART

  
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    MUSC 2310 - Intermediate Musical Instruction


    1-3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    Private lessons are provided for the following instruments: baritone, clarinet, flute, horn, recorder, synthesizer, vibes, bass, double bass, guitar, oboe, saxophone, trombone, viola, bassoon, drums/percussion, harp, organ, Suzuki violin and cello, trumpet, violin, cello, harpsichord, piano, tuba, and voice. Three such credits count as one ARTS course for LA&S. May be repeated up to three times for credit. See the Humanities department chair. A fee is required. ART, AOM

  
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    MUSC 2350 - Harmony II


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course covers further work in modulation, including chromaticism and 19th and early 20th century developments.

    Prerequisite(s): MUSC 2240  or equivalent.
  
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    MUSC 2400 - Instrumental Arts


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    Small and large ensembles play quality repertoire in a variety of styles and formats. Ensembles include concert band, orchestra, jazz band, chamber, and world music groups. They partially satisfy the ensemble requirement for music minors; 3 such credits count as one ARTS course for LA&S. All can be repeated for one credit. AOM, ART

  
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    MUSC 2500 - Class Piano


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The class involves practical keyboard uses in classroom work; activities include accompaniment, simple transposition and harmonization of melodies at the keyboard. Three such credits count as one ARTS course for LA&S. May be repeated up to three times for credit. ART, AOM

  
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    MUSC 2600 - Class Voice


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered in the Fall.

    The principles of voice production are studied. Breath control, phrasing, resonance and diction are stressed. Three such credits count as one ARTS course for LA&S. May be used as 1 of 3 credits to fulfill the ART requirement. ART, AOM

  
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    MUSC 2700 - Class Guitar


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The fundamentals of guitar playing are studied including learning basic chords, scales, arpeggios and techniques for playing a variety of musical styles. Emphasis will be placed on melody and accompaniment style texture as well as on individual and ensemble playing. Three such credits count as one ARTS course for LA&S. May be repeated up to three times for credit. ARTS

  
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    MUSC 3100 - Symphony


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    Structural and stylistic characteristics of the symphony from the 18th century to the present are studied. Emphasis is on listening to structural form and melody.

    Prerequisite(s): MUSC 1000  or MUSC 2000 .
  
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    MUSC 3200 - Opera


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered once every two years. Also offered evenings.

    Students study several works from the standard operatic repertoire. Some significant trends in modern opera are discussed.

  
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    MUSC 3300 - Advanced Musical Instruction


    1-3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    Private lessons are provided for the following instruments: baritone, clarinet, flute, horn, recorder, synthesizer, vibes, bass, double bass, guitar, oboe, saxophone, trombone, viola, bassoon, drums/percussion, harp, organ, Suzuki violin and cello, trumpet, violin, cello, harpsichord, piano, tuba, and voice. Three such credits count as one ARTS course for LA&S. May be repeated up to three times for credit. See the Humanities department chair. ART, AOM

  
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    MUSC 3400 - Twentieth-Century Music


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The course examines the idioms and aesthetic notions of the 20th century, together with their relationship to the past.

  
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    MUSC 3450 - Appreciating the American Musical


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Spring.

    Students will read a variety of literary texts and analyze how such texts were adopted as musicals, listen to the musicals and explore recurring themes. Particular attention is given to the historical development of the musical play in the 1940s and the dominance of the American book musical from the 1940s to the 1970s. ART

  
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    MUSC 3500 - American Music


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Fall.

    The course surveys American music from colonial times with some emphasis on popular and art music of the present century in the U.S.

  
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    MUSC 3600 - Bach to Beethoven


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The class examines various composers from Monteverdi to Beethoven. Topics covered in the course include opera, oratorio, passion, cantata, sonata forms, dance forms and shifting aesthetic views. AOM, ART, GDA

  
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    MUSC 3650 - Romanticism to Rock


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This class will examine music from the Romantic era to the American Popular Music scene, beginning with Beethoven and ending with the Beatles. Students will gain a foundation in musical elements, forms, and genres. Emphasis will be given to understanding Romanticism as a reaction to the waning order of the Enlightenment, and Modernism as a reaction the sentimentality of Romanticism. ARTS

  
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    MUSC 3700 - 19th Century Music


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Spring.

    The class presents a survey of major forms of 19th century music from Beethoven to Mahler including symphony, art song, opera, chamber music and larger sacred forms.

  
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    MUSC 3750 - Music in Film


    3 cr. 3 hrs Day course offered in the Fall.

    This course covers a variety of music produced for film, from the silent film era to the present day, in order to explore how music works, or fails to work, with visuals. Students will study the relation of music to visual aesthetics and dramatic action, and will learn to analyze compositional issues such as orchestration, instrumental timbre, use of leitmotivs, and theme development. Audio and visual materials, discussion, presentations, and projects are used to enhance the enjoyment, understanding, and experience of music used in film. No instrumental or musical ability is required for this course. ART

  
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    MUSC 3760 - Film Scoring


    3 cr. 3 hrs. Day course offered once every two years.

    This course offers a “hands-on” study of composing music for film. Students will learn compositional techniques and procedures in various musical styles, focusing on drama analysis, spotting, and scoring with and without dialogue. Audio and visual materials, discussion, presentations, and projects are used to develop the understanding and skills necessary to score music for film.

    Prerequisite(s): MUSC 1400  and MUSC 3750 .
  
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    MUSC 3800 - History of Jazz


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Fall. Also offered evenings.

    This course introduces students to the history of jazz and investigates the musical elements that make up jazz. The role of jazz in American history is explored, and various musical trends that contributed to jazz are traced. AOM, ART

  
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    MUSC 3900 - Women, Music, and Society


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Spring. Also offered evenings.

    This course looks at the contributions of significant women in music. Compositions by women from different cultures are examined as a reflection of the social, political and economic conditions. Elements of form, structure and historical style are studied from antiquity to modern times in musical genres such as symphony, opera, chamber music, song and solo repertoire. AOM, ART, GDA

  
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    MUSC 4901 - Independent Study in Music


    1-3 cr. 1-3 hr.

    The Independent Study is for selected students who have approval of both the department head and their advising instructor.

  
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    MUSC 4902 - Independent Study in Music


    1-3 cr. 1-3 hr.

    The Independent Study is for selected students who have approval of both the department head and their advising instructor.

  
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    MUSC 4903 - Independent Study in Music


    1-3 cr. 1-3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The Independent Study is for selected students who have approval of both the department head and their advising instructor.

  
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    MUSC 4940 - Internship in Music


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

  
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    MUSC 4975 - Directed Study


    1-6 cr.

    Directed study allows a student to carry out a non-research project or participate in an activity under the direct supervision of a faculty member. See the catalog description of Program Alternatives in The Curriculum  section for more details.


Nursing

  
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    NURS 2300 - Health Assessment


    3 cr. 5 hr. Day course offered in the Fall.

    This course provides a foundation for nursing assessment of the adult client. Interviewing techniques, health history taking, physical assessment and critical thinking skills are developed. Normal findings and deviations from normal are explored. Changes related to age are discussed. A clinical component allows students to apply classroom knowledge.

    Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1100  and ENGL 1200 , PSY 1100 , SOC 1100 , BIOL 1200 and BIOL 1300 , and CHEM 1200 .
  
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    NURS 2400 - Transition from LPN to Professional Nursing


    1 cr. 1 hr. Offered every Fall.

    This course focuses on the transition from the Licensed Practical Nurse to the Baccalaureate prepared registered nurse. Emphasis will be placed on the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Nursing Nurse Practice Act in context of legal accountability and responsibility. Emphasis will be placed on the changing and expansion of critical thinking as a Registered Nurse. Included will be an exploration of the RN’s role within the interdisciplinary health care team.

    Prerequisite(s): Matriculation into the LPN-BS program,   and  ,  ,  ,   and  ,  ,  
  
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    NURS 2500 - Pathopharmacology I


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Fall.

    This is the first course of a two-course sequence, which integrates concepts from pathophysiology and pharmacology. The content focuses on alterations in physiology that produce clinical responses in the body. Pharmacology is introduced as one modality used in the treatment of disease. Theories of stress, adaptation, and systems provide the basis for understanding how the body adjusts or fails to adjust to disease processes.

    Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1100  and ENGL 1200 , PSY 1100 , SOC 1100 , BIOL 1200 and BIOL 1300 , and CHEM 1200 .
  
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    NURS 2600 - Pathopharmacology II


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Spring.

    This is the second course of a two-course sequence, which integrates concepts from pathophysiology and pharmacology. Pharmacology is applied as one modality used in the treatment of disease. Pathophysiological changes as a result of disease processes in specific systems are explored.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 2500 .
  
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    NURS 2700 - Foundations


    4 cr. 6 hr. Day course offered in the Fall.

    This course is designed to be the foundation for nursing knowledge and theory. Emphasis is placed on professionalism, caring, communication, cultural considerations, spirituality, sexuality and health promoting activities. The nursing process is used as a framework for content. Students complete laboratory experiences focusing on basic skills.

    Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1200 , PSY 1100 SOC 1100 , BIOL 1200  and BIOL 1300 , and CHEM 1200 . Pre or corerequisites: NURS 2500  and  , NURS 2300  or BIOL 1650 .
  
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    NURS 2900 - Medical-Surgical Nursing I


    4 cr. 8 hr. Day course offered in the Spring.

    This course establishes the foundation for core concepts in the nursing care of adults with common health alterations. The development of critical thinking skills is emphasized. Nursing care is presented using a nursing process framework. Clinical experiences occur in acute care agencies.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 2300 , NURS 2500 , and NURS 2700  Pre or corerequisites: NURS 2600 , BIOL 1650 , BIOL 2700 ,  .
  
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    NURS 3101 - LPN: Nursing Care of the Medical Surgical Patient


    4 cr. 8 hr. Offered every Summer.

    This course provides the LPN with an understanding of the medical-surgical patient from the perspective of the registered nurse. Nursing process and the expansion of critical thinking to the level of the registered nurse are stressed. This course places emphasis on the professional nurse’s care of the patient with complex medical-surgical issues in the acute care clinical setting.

    Note: Required for students transitioning from LPN to BS in Nursing. Prerequisite(s): Matriculation into the LPN-BS program,  ,  ,  ,  ,  , and NURS 3710  or permission of instructor.
  
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    NURS 3200 - Core Concepts of Mental Health Nursing


    5 cr. 9 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course reviews mental health nursing concepts for individuals experiencing health alterations. Course content focuses on the etiology and treatment of mental disorders, emphasizing principles of therapeutic communication, and the application of nursing assessment and intervention. Students analyze the influence of culture, perceptions and environment on behavior exhibited by individuals, families and groups related to mental health issues. Clinical experience occurs in acute and community care agencies.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 2300 , NURS 2600 , and NURS 2900 , BIOL 1650  and BIOL 2700 .
  
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    NURS 3300 - Maternal-Newborn Nursing


    5 cr. 9 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course provides a foundation for care of the childbearing family. Health promotion for the developing family is emphasized in community and acute-care settings. Care of both the well and high-risk woman and newborn is included in a family-centered approach. Clinical experiences are offered in the community and the hospital.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 2300 , NURS 2600 , and NURS 2900 , BIOL 1650  and BIOL 2700 .
  
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    NURS 3400 - Medical-Surgical Nursing II


    5 cr. 9 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course addresses to teach the nursing care of adults with acute medical and surgical conditions. Holistic care of clients with respect for diversity is stressed. The nursing process is used as a framework to guide content. Clinical experience occurs in acute care facilities.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 2300 , NURS 2600 , and NURS 2900 , BIOL 1650  and BIOL 2700 .
  
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    NURS 3500 - Concepts of Nursing I


    3 cr. 3 hr. GCE course offered in the spring, online.

    This is one of two courses designed to provide advance placement for the registered nurse student that can be taken concurrently with Nursing Concepts II. The evolution and development of theoretical models of nursing as well as other historical precedents are investigated. The focus of the clinical component is utilization of the functional health pattern format to assess the health status of clients and the development of a nursing history.

    Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1200 , BIOL 1300 , BIOL 2700 , PSY 1100 ,  , SOC 1100 , ACE II exams or equivalent.
  
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    NURS 3501 - LPN: Nursing Care of the Family


    5 cr. 9 hr. Offered every Summer.

    This course provides the LPN with an introduction to the role of the bachelor’s prepared registered nurse in the care of the child-bearing family, family health promotion, high risk maternal-newborn care and clinical decision making. This course places emphasis on the multisystem pediatric and family-centered issues, complex nursing assessment with community and hospital based patients and families.

    Note: Required for students transitioning from LPN to BS in Nursing. Prerequisite(s): Matriculation into the LPN-BS Program,  
  
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    NURS 3600 - Concepts of Nursing II


    3 cr. 5 hr. GCE course offered in the Spring, online.

    This is one of two courses designed to provide advance placement for the registered nurse student that can be taken concurrently with Nursing Concepts I. Selected nursing diagnoses within the format of functional health patterns are addressed. Students are provided the opportunity to explore the interdependence of the multiple elements of the nursing process applied to selected case studies.

    Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1200 , BIOL 1300 , BIOL 2700 , PSY 1100 ,   , SOC 1100 , ACE II Exams or equivalent.

  
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    NURS 3650 - Portfolio Preparation


    1 cr. 1 hr. GCE course offered in the Spring, online.

    Introduces registered nurse students to the concept of portfolio preparation for advanced placement. Assists students in development of professional portfolio.

    Prerequisite(s): ENGL 1200 , BIOL 1200  and BIOL 1300 , BIOL 2700 , PSY 1100 ,  , SOC 1100 , ACE II Exams.

  
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    NURS 3710 - Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing


    3 cr. 3 hr. Offered every Fall.

    This course introduces the application of evidence-based practice in the nursing profession. The course examines the research process and how it is incorporated with clinical judgment and patient preferences to develop safe, quality patient outcomes.

    Prerequisite(s): MATH 1700 , NURS 2600  and NURS 2900  or NURS 3500 , NURS 3600 , NURS 3650 
  
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    NURS 3900 - Pediatric Nursing


    5 cr. 9 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course teaches the theoretical base and clinical experience in caring for infants, children and adolescents. The focus is the major and most common disorders of infants, children and adolescents. The nursing process is the basis for providing care in a variety of settings. Health promotion aspects of preventing or alleviating health problems are addressed Clinical experience occurs in acute care agencies.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 2300 , NURS 2600 , and NURS 2900 , BIOL 1650  and BIOL 2700 .
  
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    NURS 4400 - Community Health Nursing


    5 cr. 9 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course focuses on systems concepts as a basis for applying the nursing process with aggregate clients in the community. Special emphasis is placed on nursing care of vulnerable populations including the homeless, people of poverty, minority populations, women and children, and older adults. Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention measures are used when applying the nursing process in a variety of distributive care settings. Clinical experience occurs in community agencies.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 3200 , NURS 3300 , NURS 3400 , NURS 3900  and NURS 3710  for day students.  NURS 3500 , NURS 3600  and NURS 3650    for RN’s only.
  
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    NURS 4500 - Nursing in a Global Community


    2 cr. 2 hr. Offered in the Summer only. Also offered evenings.

    Culturally competent health care is required for professional nursing practice. Culture extends beyond traditional boundaries of race and ethnicity to other marginalized populations including sub-cultures within society. This course will explore challenges to providing such competent care in professional nursing practice generated by language, race, ethnicity, health beliefs and practices, sexual orientation, and sub-culture affiliation. Additionally, specific barriers to culturally competent care including biases and stereotypes will be challenged in this course.

    Prerequisite(s): Must be a RN.
  
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    NURS 4510 - End of Life Care


    3 cr. 3 hr. Offered in the Summer only. Also offered evenings.

    This course provides students will the knowledge needed to provide care for clients at the end of life. The Neuman Systems Model is used as a theoretical framework to guide nurses as they assess and intervene in physiological, psychological, socio-cultural, developmental, and spiritual dimensions of client care. There is a focus to improve utilization of evidence-based and participate in research as knowledgeable participants. Communication, an interactive, negotiable human response as well as the foundation for growth, facilitates the process of the helping relationship at the end of life. In addition to lectures, class participation, and the discussion of case studies enhance the learning process.

    Prerequisite(s): Must be a RN.
  
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    NURS 4520 - Caring for Forensic Populations


    3 cr. 3 hr. Offered in the Summer only. Also offered evenings.

    Violence occurring in the home, community, and health care institutions has a negative effect on client health and on providers of care. Preventing and reducing the consequences of violence is an integral component of professional nursing practice. Early identification and intervention with potential and actual victims and perpetrators of violence can reduce negative health outcomes. This course explores the individual, socio-cultural, environmental, and systemic factors related to violence and trauma. Necessary professional forensic nursing competencies and roles will be explored. Student will learn specific forensic health assessment, violence prevention and intervention strategies.

    Prerequisite(s): Must be a RN.
  
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    NURS 4750 - Chronic Illness


    5 cr. 9 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course teaches the application of the nursing process with individuals and families in the home care setting. Emphasis is placed on primary, secondary and tertiary prevention, along with interdependence between client/family and environment. The application of critical thinking to clinical situations provides the framework for the classroom component of the course.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 3200 , NURS 3300 , NURS 3400  and NURS 3900 .
  
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    NURS 4800 - Selected Nursing Practicum


    9 cr. 15 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This capstone course in the final semester of the nursing program gives students the opportunity to strengthen clinical knowledge and skills in preparation for entry into practice. Having both a registered nurse clinical preceptor as well as a faculty preceptor allows for the integration of classroom and laboratory content into the clinical setting. The classroom component uses a case study method to foster discussion and critical thinking.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 3710  , NURS 4400 , and NURS 4750 . Prerequisites for RN’s only:NURS 3710  and NURS 4400  Corequisite: NURS 4850 
  
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    NURS 4850 - Leadership and Management Concepts for Nursing Practice


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Spring. Also offered evenings.

    This course teaches concepts underlying professional career development in nursing. The roles of the nurse as manager of client care, as part of a health care institution hierarchy, and as a member of a professional collective are explored.

    Prerequisite(s): NURS 3710  NURS 4400  and NURS 4750  Prerequisites for RN to BSN: NURS 3710 , NURS 4400 , NURS 4500 , NURS 4510  or NURS 4520 .
  
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    NURS 4975 - Directed Study


    1-6 cr.

    Directed study allows a student to carry out a non-research project or participate in an activity under the direct supervision of a faculty member. See the catalog description of Program Alternatives in The Curriculum  section for more details.


Occupational/Vocational Education

  
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    OCED 2500 - Seminar for the Beginning Vocational Technical Education Teacher


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    Designed to prepare new vocational technical teachers for their first teaching assignment, the characteristics of an effective teacher as well as the tools required by first year teachers to be successful will be explored. These include techniques for establishing effective classroom routines, student instruction and assessment, and maintaining a positive classroom/shop/laboratory climate that conveys high expectations. Students also will learn to identify the elements of a course/program curriculum, as well as how to develop a lesson plan, assign and grade homework and collaborate with colleagues to improve instruction, assessment and student achievement.

  
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    OCED 2520 - Managing Student Behavior in a Healthy and Safe Environment


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    (Formerly Management of the Vocational Technical Environment) This course is designed to prepare vocational technical teacher candidates to organize an instructional area that is conductive to high quality learning in a healthy and safe environment. A variety of discipline concepts and strategies will be presented for application in the shop/laboratory, related classroom, and cooperative education sites. Current, relevant OSHA and child labor law standards will be reviewed and plans for a comprehensive health safety plan will be developed.

  
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    OCED 2530 - Teaching Methods for Vocational Technical Education—Instructional Strategies


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    (Formerly Teaching Methods: Instructional Strategies in Vocational Technical Education) This course is designed to provide vocational technical teachers with a wide variety of researched-based teaching methods and instructional strategies. Students in this course will learn how to develop a unit of study and how learning styles, motivation and expectations influences instructional choices made by the vocational technical educator. Students will learn how to integrate vocational technical and academic content by using a balanced instruction.

  
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    OCED 3510 - Teaching Methods for Vocational Technical Education—Educating and Assessing the Vocational Technical Education Learner


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    (Formerly Teaching Methods: Educating the Vocational Technical Learner) This course is designed to provide vocational technical teachers with the knowledge and tools to instruct and assess the technical, academic and employability skills of vocational technical education students. Students in this course will be able to identify, develop and model appropriate learning activities and assessments for the vastly divergent student population in vocational-technical education.

  
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    OCED 3517 - Fundamentals of Vocational Technical Education


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    This course examines the history and philosophy of vocational technical education. The present state of federal vocational education, Chapter 731, Child Labor Laws; Chapter 622 and Title IX; and Chapter 766, State Vocational Council are covered. Additionally the course studies The National Center for Research in Vocational Education; and Federal Vocational Education Regulations.

  
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    OCED 3520 - Teaching Methods for Vocational Technical Education—Using Research-Based Practices to Develop Effective Instructional Strategies


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    (Formerly Brain Compatibility: Teaching and Learning) This course is designed to provide vocational technical teachers with an understanding of how learning styles impact instruction and learning. Vocational technical teachers will learn how to develop a teaching unit that focuses on readiness assessment, use of learning styles, attention to whole-brain teaching, interpersonal skills, knowledge and skill assessment.

  
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    OCED 3524 - Promoting Positive Social Behavior for Students with Special Needs in Vocational Education


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    The course provides familiarity with the continuum of services required for students with special needs in all school settings. The modifications of approach and teaching techniques which make vocational education accessible to all students are discussed in depth. A case study is required of each student in the course.

  
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    OCED 3525 - Strategies and Methods for Teaching Special Needs Students Re: Vocational Education


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    This is a practical approach to planning instruction for special needs students in the regular class within a vocational school setting. Using a framework for applying theory in practice, teachers develop and/or attempt strategies that are applicable to their classrooms.

  
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    OCED 3526 - Implementation and Evaluation of Education Plans for Students with Special Needs


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    The course provides experience in interpreting educational prescriptions for implementation within vocational training programs. Each student designs an individualized instructional plan describing all materials, recommended methodology and techniques of evaluation.

  
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    OCED 3527 - Seminar and Practicum in Vocational Education/Special Education


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    Students complete a practicum or internship in an approved setting for individuals with special needs. Students are assisted in implementing the various facets of their role within a given setting. Visitations are planned not only to observe the competencies being demonstrated but to meet with school administrators in defining the role and functions. Practicum seminar is designed to assist the total group in dealing with current concerns and issues and to allow students to learn from the experiences of each other.

  
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    OCED 3530 - Developing and Implementing a Standards-Based Curriculum in Vocational Technical Education


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    (Formerly Competency Based Vocational Education Curriculum Development) This course is designed to provide vocational technical educators with the knowledge of the elements of a quality curriculum. Students will learn how to develop a vocational technical education curriculum and a competency-based student reporting system that incorporates the standards and performance indicators of the Academic and Vocational Technical Education Curriculum Frameworks.

  
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    OCED 3545 - Computerized Vocational Technical Curriculum Management


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    This course is designed to introduce the vocational technical educator to the microcomputer as a tool for curriculum, classroom record keeping, and planning. Students adapt, modify, and incorporate the excellent curricular resources developed within Massachusetts, including CBVE, MSCP and others into practical learning applications utilizing the computer. In addition to hands-on experience with a microcomputer, the course enables participants to blend classroom and laboratory learning with an emphasis on integrated software and its application within a vocational technical setting.

  
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    OCED 3546 - Integrated Vocational Technical and Academic Curriculum


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    This course shares, explores and investigates Massachusetts developed curricular resources, including CBVE, MSCP, Model Academic Project and LAPS, as well as nationally devised curriculum, including Principles of Technology, CBE, and others. This learning activity examines the eight methods (academic infusing, cross articulation, vocational/technical relevance, content alignment, the academy model, specialized courses/programs, employability/career path skills and the culminating/senior project) for integration identified by the National Center for Research in Vocational Education at the University of California at Berkeley.

  
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    OCED 3549 - Assessment Standards and Evaluation


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    Participants explore strategies for establishing student performance criteria, assessing student knowledge and attitudes, evaluating hands-on skills and determining student grades. Topics include identifying and examining existing standards and social equity in educational assessment. Methods for linking competency designed instructional objectives to evaluation and measuring instruments are reviewed, including factors related to reliability and range.

  
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    OCED 3700 - Addressing the Needs of Students with Disabilities in Vocational Technical Education


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    (Formerly Students with Special Needs in Vocational Technical Education) This course will provide vocational technical educators with an overview of the federal and state special education laws and regulations and how they are implemented in schools in Massachusetts. Students will learn about the elements of an Individualized Education Program (IEP) and the roles of special and general educators. Students will also learn how to design curriculum and instruction using the information on the IEP and how to modify their related classrooms and vocational technical shops/laboratories to accommodate students with disabilities.

  
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    OCED 4534 - Supervised Practicum in Vocational Education


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    A practicum is a modified teaching placement in a vocational technical school or equivalent field-based experience. Candidates function as pre-approved instructors with responsibility for demonstrating ability to implement various teaching models, familiarization with school policies, classroom management techniques and the coordination of educable training resources. Teaching is supervised by a cooperating teacher and monitored and evaluated by a university instructor. Practicum participants design competency-based lesson plans, participate actively in seminar discussions and complete a research assignment on educational reform. The eligible practicum time requirements are five hours a day for three or four days a week over six week period.

  
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    OCED 4595 - Advanced Computerized Vocational Technical Curriculum Management


    3 cr. Only offered evenings.

    This course provides an orientation and application of Lotus 1-2-3 for the vocational technical setting. This software is a recognized leader in the microcomputer spreadsheets market with its ease of use, size, and power. Students learn through hands-on experience how to plan, design, implement and perform analysis utilizing a microcomputer and Lotus 1-2-3. Additionally, a historical view of spreadsheets and their impact on the manner in which effective organizations operate in the planning, creating, saving, and printing of data is emphasized. Participants interpret data using database functions and by creating and printing graphs.

    Note: This course may be used as a computer science cluster requirement.

Philosophy

  
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    PHIL 1000 - Introduction to Western Philosophy


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The course serves as an introduction to the problems, methods and goals of classical and contemporary Western philosophy. Emphasis is placed upon how these differ from and relate to other fields of human knowledge. CTW, GDC

  
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    PHIL 1100 - Logic


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The course introduces students to the nature of logical and critical thinking. Topics include: basic logical concepts, language and definition, informal fallacies, categorical propositions and syllogisms in Aristotelian and Boolean logic, arguments in ordinary language, and symbolic logic. SMT

  
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    PHIL 2000 - Philosophy of Education


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

    This course seeks to trace the origin and development of major educational theories and their contemporary implications.

  
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    PHIL 2001 - Medical Ethics


    3 cr. 3 hr. At least once every two academic years

    Medical Ethics addresses ethical questions that arise in the context of medical research and practice. Topics may include the ethics of abortion, embryonic stem-cell research, euthanasia, cloning, animal experimentation, and the just distribution of health care resources. Students will be introduced to several of the most important ethical theories and principles in the Western philosophical tradition, which will provide the student with a theoretical framework for critically reflecting on these important contemporary ethical issues. CTW

  
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    PHIL 2200 - Theories of Knowledge


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The problems and methods of human knowledge are explored. Theories are presented in the light of idealism, realism, pragmatism and existentialism.

    Prerequisite(s): PHIL 1000  or PHIL 1100 .
  
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    PHIL 2440 - American Philosophy


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course presents a study of American philosophical thought from the Colonial period to the present.

  
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    PHIL 2500 - Contemporary Ethical Problems


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course examines the nature of values and morality. Application of ethical theory to such controversial moral issues as criminal punishment and the death penalty, abortion, euthanasia and suicide, privacy, the ethical treatment of animals, environmental ethics, poverty and the distribution of wealth, prejudice and discrimination, affirmative action, civil disobedience, and war will be part of the curriculum. CTW

  
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    PHIL 2550 - Introduction to Ethics


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered once per year. May also be offered evenings.

    The course is a critical examination of the major ethical theories in classical and contemporary philosophy including Aristotle’s perfectionism, Aquinas’ natural law ethics, Kant’s deontological ethics, Bentham and Mill’s utilitarianism, existentialism, emotivism, and personalism. Topics covered include values and facts; morality and ethics; objectivism, subjectivism, and relativism; ethics and science; and ethics and religion.

  
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    PHIL 2600 - Philosophy of Human Nature


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The course provides an exploration of human nature or personhood from the triple perspectives of philosophy, religion and behavioral science in a historical and cultural context. The class focuses on the following thinkers and movements: Plato’s idealism and Hinduism, Aristotle’s realism, early and medieval Christianity, Renaissance and Enlightenment thought, Marxism, Freud, existentialism, Frankl’s logotherapy, Skinner, Fromm’s humanism, Darwinian theories and personalism. CTW, GDC

  
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    PHIL 3310 - Ancient and Medieval Philosophy


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course. May be offered less than once every two years.

    The course studies the beginnings of Western philosophy, including the pre-Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and several other thinkers of the period.

    Prerequisite(s): PHIL 1000  or PHIL 1100 .
  
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    PHIL 3330 - Renaissance and Modern Philosophy


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course explores trends of thought from 14th century nominalism through the renaissance to continental rationalism and British empiricism.

    Prerequisite(s): PHIL 1000  or PHIL 2600 .
  
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    PHIL 3340 - Contemporary Philosophy


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course provides an examination of some current trends and issues in contemporary American, British and European philosophy.

    Prerequisite(s): PHIL 1000  or PHIL 2600 .
  
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    PHIL 3600 - Philosophy of Religion


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This course examines the nature of religious experience and the problem of God’s existence as seen in classical Western theism and process philosophy. Differences between Western and Eastern religion, and between religion and science are discussed. CTW

    Prerequisite(s): PHIL 1000  or PHIL 2600 .
  
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    PHIL 3610 - World Religions


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered once per year. Also offered evenings.

    This course studies the principal world religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism. Emphasis is placed on their basic tenets and insights into spiritual values. CTW, GDCN

  
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    PHIL 4100 - Philosophy of Art


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The nature of beauty and aesthetic experience, especially as embodied in the arts is explored. Relation of aesthetic experience to moral and technological experience is discussed. Students will survey and critically evaluate different theories of aesthetics in Western philosophy. A synthesis of subjective and objective theories is included. HIST, I

  
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    PHIL 4200 - Political and Social Philosophy


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The course examines the various political and social ideas in the history of philosophy beginning with Plato and ending with Rawls, Nozick, and Communitarianism.

    Prerequisite(s): PHIL 1000  or PHIL 2600  or POLS 1000  or POLS 1100 .
  
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    PHIL 4300 - Philosophy of Science


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course analyzes the methods and goals of the physical sciences, how they differ from the social sciences, and the philosophic problems encountered in scientific pursuits.

  
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    PHIL 4400 - Philosophy of Language


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This course is the study of theories about the structure and meaningfulness of language, especially in 20th century Anglo-American thought.

    Prerequisite(s): PHIL 1000  or PHIL 1100 .
  
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    PHIL 4430 - Marxism


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    Origins, development, and contemporary application of Marx’s thought are explored. The course attempts to provide an understanding of society and history by a philosophy identified with political economy.

    Prerequisite(s): PHIL 1000  or PHIL 2600 .
  
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    PHIL 4500 - Philosophy of Love


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

    The course analyzes the concept of love as employed in the social and moral philosophies of various classical and contemporary thinkers.

  
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    PHIL 4700 - Ethical Issues in Business


    3 cr. Day course offered once per year. Also offered evenings.

    The first objective of the course is to develop proficiency in the identification and analysis of ethical issues as they arise in business. The second objective is to acquaint the student with some specific ethical problems currently faced by businessmen and women: whistle-blowing, discrimination, truth in advertising, product safety and the environment. Both theoretical and actual cases are studied as well as current ethical theories.

  
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    PHIL 4903 - Independent Study


    3 cr. 3 hr.

    The Independent Study is open to students who have permission of the supervising instructor and the department chairperson. Course of study, meetings and credit are arranged with approval.


Physics

  
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    PHYS 1100 - Physical Science I


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course is designed to help non-science students in developing a meaningful and functional understanding of key physical science concepts and methodology. Topics include light, color and electricity. The course is taught with a combination of lectures, group discussions and learning-by-doing activities. The emphasis is to provide students with open-ended problem solving environments that facilitate insight into the nature of science as an intellectual activity, and to encourage students to explore alternate conceptions of physical phenomena. SMT, LAB

    Prerequisite(s): Math readiness.
  
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    PHYS 1200 - Physical Science II


    3 cr. 4 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

    This course is designed to help non-science students in developing a meaningful and functional understanding of key physical science concepts and methodology. Topics include motion, force, heat, energy and nature of matter. The course is taught with a combination of lectures, group discussions and learning-by-doing activities. The emphasis is to provide students with open-ended problem solving environments that facilitate insight into the nature of science as an intellectual activity, and to encourage students to explore alternate conceptions of physical phenomena. SMT, LAB

    Prerequisite(s): Math readiness.
  
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    PHYS 2000 - Astronomy


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    After a brief introduction to the history of astronomy in Western civilization we discuss at an elementary level how light is produced and how telescopes work with light. In turn we then examine the solar system (comparative planetology) and the birth, evolution and death of stars and in the end consider the birth and death of the universe. This course is cross-listed as GEOG 2000 . SMT, LAB

  
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    PHYS 2300 - General Physics I


    4 cr. 5 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This first-semester general college physics course consists of studies in the principle and application of classical mechanics, waves, sound and heat. Typical topics include description of motions, Newton’s laws of motion, Kepler’s law of planetary motion, universal gravitation, work and energy, conservation laws, temperature, heat, and laws of thermodynamics. SMT, LAB

    Prerequisite(s): MATH 1300  or equivalent.
 

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