Sep 25, 2022  
Fitchburg State University 2012-2013 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
Fitchburg State University 2012-2013 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 

Exercise and Sports Science

  
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    EXSS 1170 - Introduction to Mountain Hiking


  
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    EXSS 1180 - Backpacking


  
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    EXSS 1280 - Orienteering


  
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    EXSS 1300 - Recreational Sports


  
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    EXSS 1400 - Jogging: Theory and Practice


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The theories and practices of cardiovascular conditioning using jogging as the activity mode are presented. Pre-post cardiovascular and body composition evaluations are made and program prescriptions are designed. Topics covered include training principles and programs, energy sources, aerobic and anaerobic processes, nutrition, exercise and weight control, exercise training effects, psychological considerations, environmental conditions, injuries and running.

  
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    EXSS 1440 - Body Shaping


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The theory of weight training and diet in relation to body shaping is discussed. Each student undergoes physique, body composition, aerobic fitness and muscular strength evaluations before and after a weight training program.

  
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    EXSS 1450 - Weight Training for Athletes


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The course examines theory for the development of muscular strength for specific athletic activities. Anthropometric, body composition and muscular strength evaluations are assessed prior to and following an individually developed weight training program. SMT

  
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    EXSS 1460 - Standard First Aid/Adult CPR


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    A behaviorally oriented course structured for those responsible for the safety and protection of others. Standard First Aid and Adult CPR, and AED certificates are issued if the student satisfies all the American Red Cross requirements.

  
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    EXSS 1470 - Techniques of Road Racing


    1 cr. 2 hr. Offered every semester

    The purpose of the course is to acquaint the student with various topics of running long distance road races.  Topics covered include the physiology of running, training strategies, injury care and prevention, nutritional aspects and methods of assessing running ability.  Each student undertakes a training program and participates in three road races.

  
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    EXSS 1490 - Stress Management


    1 cr. 1 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course is a multifaceted and holistic approach to the understanding and control of stress in a wellness context. Topics covered include stress psychophysiology, the relationship between stress and illness, life situation and perception interventions, time management, and bioecological stressors. Also, the study and implementation of specific relaxation techniques such as diaphragmatic breathing, progressive relaxation, exercise, autogenics, and meditation will be covered.

  
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    EXSS 1500 - Lifeguarding


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The Lifeguarding course is designed to teach lifeguards the skills and knowledge needed to prevent and respond to aquatic emergencies. Upon successful completion of the course, students can earn American Red Cross certification in Lifeguard Training. First Aid and CPR for the Professional Rescuer.

    Prerequisite(s): Swim 500 yards continuously using the following strokes: 200 yards of front crawl, 100 yards breastroke, 200 yards mixture of front crawl or breastroke. Swim 20 yards using the front crawl or breastroke surface dive to a depth of 7-10 feet, retrieve a 10 pound object, surface and swim 20 yards back to the starting point with the object completed.
  
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    EXSS 1510 - Consumer Health


    1 cr. 1 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course is designed to help the student evaluate health and fitness information critically, and select products and services wisely. The areas of quackery, alternative medicine, nutrition, personal fitness and consumer protection are studied.

  
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    EXSS 1520 - Diet, Exercise, and Weight Control


    1 cr. 2 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The course is designed for those interested in weight loss or weight maintenance through the medium of diet and exercise. After an initial assessment of body composition, aerobic fitness, muscular fitness and the establishment of dietary goals, each student works toward body weight goals through actual programs of exercise and diet.

  
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    EXSS 2050 - Functional Anatomy


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Spring. Also offered evenings.

    This course is a study of anatomical structure and its function in human motion. Topics include the anatomy of the musculoskeletal systems, primary musculature involved in specific motions, the anatomy of force production, range of motion and movement planes. Considerable practical experience in the analysis of motion from a functional anatomical basis is given.

    Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1200 .
  
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    EXSS 2060 - Exercise, Nutrition, and Heart Disease


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course is designed to examine the integrative relationships inherent in the study of exercise, nutrition, and heart disease. Body build and body composition assessments are made, exercise prescriptions and programs are developed, and prevalent controversies in the areas of obesity, dietary goals, guidelines and plans, atherosclerosis, and heart disease are discussed. Course sections that fulfill this requirement are designated as such. Some sections are for EXSS majors only. HAF, SMT

  
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    EXSS 2071 - Exercise Physiology I


    4 cr. 4 hr. Also offered evenings.

    In this course, human systemic response and adaptation to exercise and exercise training are studied in-depth. Topics included are epidemiology and physiology in health and disease, homeostasis and exercise metabolism, bioenergetics, nutrition, exercise and performance, exercise prescriptions for health, training, exercise and the environment and factors limiting performance. Laboratory experiences provide practical assessment skills as well as application of the scientific method to problems and issues in this field. SMT

    Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1200 , and BIOL 1300 
  
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    EXSS 2072 - Exercise Physiology II


    4 cr. 4 hrs. Day course offered in the Spring. Also offered evenings.

    This is the second of a two-sequence course which is designed to cover physiological response to acute exercise and chronic adaptations to exercise. Part II of this course will examine cardiovascular system, respiratory system, and the impact of different environmental conditions on exercise responses and capacity. It will also introduce research methods in exercise science. Application of physiological concepts to clinical populations and across the lifespan will be made. The laboratory component of this course will offer students an opportunity to assess, evaluate and demonstrate some of the physiological concepts discussed in class. In laboratory, students will also develop a research question, design a research study, perform data collection, interpret and analyze the data collected and present results in a formal research presentation.

    Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1200 , BIOL 1300  and EXSS 2071 .
  
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    EXSS 2300 - Nutrition in Exercise and Sport


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course involves a thorough discussion of the principles of general nutrition. Emphasis is placed on the examination of specialized diets for training, weight control and body enhancement, and on the use of ergogenic aids during exercise and exercise training. Course material is enhanced by researching current trends and by personal nutrition projects.

    Prerequisite(s): 24 credits completed.
  
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    EXSS 2400 - Health Promotion


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Fall.

    This course involves the design, implementation, and evaluation of wellness programs from the health care industry to the private sector. Marketing applications including materials production, are considered. Specific program design includes exercise prescription, nutrition, smoking cessation, stress management, and other health-related topics.

  
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    EXSS 2500 - Human Motor Development


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course focuses on human development processes, especially with regard to response and adaptation to exercise in children and the elderly, motor control and decline of function with aging.

  
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    EXSS 2660 - Psychology of Sport and Exercise


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

    Sport and exercise psychology is the scientific study of people and their behavior in sport and exercise activities, and the application of the resulting knowledge. In this course we review reasons for involvement in sport and exercise, and review the effects of physical activity on mental health and well-being. We also address factors that influence individual and team performance, such as motivation, confidence, and group dynamics. Finally, students are expected to engage in some form of sport or exercise during the course, and to consider how course concepts can help them achieve enjoyment and success.

    Prerequisite(s):   or   .
  
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    EXSS 3020 - Biomechanics


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course involves the study of the mechanical aspects that underlie human motion. Mechanical considerations include describing motion in terms of levers, linear and angular acceleration, velocity, and projectiles, and the determination of motion by studying force, inertia, mass, momentum, impulse, drag, lift, buoyancy, center of gravity and stability. Application of anatomical and mechanical principles is related to the improvement of performance in selected sports.

    Co-requisite or Prerequisite: EXSS 2050 .
  
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    EXSS 3050 - Adaptations


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course is designed to integrate the natural and exercise sciences from the standpoint that survival of the organism depends upon its ability to adapt to a given environment. The acute and chronic effects of several stressors found within the environment such as oxygen, light and dark, exercise, heat and cold, emotion and stress, altitude, nutrition and evolution are studied in the classroom and the laboratory. SMT

    Prerequisite(s): EXSS 2071  and EXSS 2072 .
  
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    EXSS 3120 - Scientific Foundations of Strength Training and Conditioning


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The course combines the theoretical and practical aspects of strength training and conditioning. Topics covered include exercise and fitness-related principles and practices of physiology, neuromotor control, biochemistry, anatomy, biomechanics and endocrinology. The development of state-of-the-art, safe and effective strength and cardiorespiratory endurance training programs are presented. EXSS majors only. These sections carry a prerequisite of EXSS 2071  and EXSS 2072 .

  
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    EXSS 3130 - Apprenticeship


    1-3 cr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    These one-credit on-campus experiences are designed to enhance theory through cogent work in a specific area, such as exercise testing, strength training, fitness management, and research skills. Students apply for apprenticeships with specific professor in the semester prior to the semester in which the work will be done.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior or senior standing.
  
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    EXSS 3450 - Exercise Testing and Prescription


    4 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The course provides theory and practice for evaluating and prescribing exercise for the enhancement of the functional capacity of the cardiopulmonary, metabolic and musculoskeletal systems in health and disease. Basic topics include review of scientific bases for testing and prescription, human behavior and motivation, basic electrocardiology, risk factors in exercise and exercise testing, health appraisal and fitness testing, exercise programming, nutrition and weight management and program administration. This course is based on the knowledge required for certification as a health/fitness instructor by the American College of Sports Medicine.

    Prerequisite(s): EXSS 2071  and EXSS 2072 .
  
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    EXSS 3600 - Exercise Response and Adaptations in Special Populations


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The primary aim of this course is to explore the clinical aspects of exercise physiology as it applies to special populations. The pathophysiology of today’s most prominent diseases, with regards to mortality and morbidity, are addressed. Students learn about diagnostic techniques, as well as pharmacological and invasive interventions which may be indicated for various special populations. Finally, appropriate exercise testing protocols for special populations are examined and students learn how to formulate and implement dynamic exercise prescriptions for a myriad of patients/clients.

    Prerequisite(s): EXSS 3450 .
  
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    EXSS 4000 - Fundamentals of Coaching


    3 cr. 3 hr. Offered once per year.

    An analysis of the principles and practices of coaching in various sports is presented for the prospective teacher/coach.

  
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    EXSS 4010 - Recreational Leadership


    3 cr. 3 hr. Offered once every two years

    The organization and administration of recreational activities are presented in reference to the development of the principles and practices in both school and community programs.

  
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    EXSS 4025 - Motor Learning and Control of Human Movement


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course is designed to provide students with an overview of the study of motor learning and control associated with human movement. Selected motor learning and motor control theories and determinants of skill acquisition are covered. Topics include differences in motor control based on age, gender, and pathology and skill level.

    Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1200 , BIOL 1300 , EXSS 3020 .
  
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    EXSS 4040 - Fitness Management


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Spring.

    The focus of this course is the planning and implementation of fitness programs in the commercial and corporate settings. Topics include organization management, staff management, strategic planning, risk management, program promotion and marketing, and sales.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior or senior standing.
  
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    EXSS 4045 - Cardiovascular Physiology and Electro Physiology


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    Cardiovascular dynamics is studied through the anatomy, electro physiology and pathology of the cardiovascular systems. Description of the ECG variations and the underlying mechanisms forms the foundation for practical experience in clinical interpretation of the ECG.

    Prerequisite(s):   and EXSS 2072 .
  
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    EXSS 4060 - Outdoor Education


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This course is designed to explore and experience the use of the outdoors as a medium in the educational process. Topics covered include introduction to outdoor education, teaching methodology, basic principles of high adventure activities, school camping and outdoor education programs. Students participate in a number of outdoor adventure activities.

  
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    EXSS 4110 - Programs in Recreation


    3 cr. 3 hr. Offered once a year

    This course is designed to acquaint students with different types of programs in the recreation field.  The development of traditional and innovative programs are explored and evaluated in the classroom and through field trips.  Topics covered include program foundations, traditional and innovative curricula, program planning, implementation and evaluation.

  
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    EXSS 4200 - Senior Seminar in Leadership and Professional Ethics


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    Using a case study approach in various professional topics, this capstone course focuses on the leadership skills needed in the fitness industry and the clinical environment. It also emphasizes ethical practice. Students will study pertinent literature, and write a paper on current issues.

    Prerequisite(s): EXSS 3450 .
  
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    EXSS 4900 - Independent Study


    1-3 cr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The Independent Study is open to students who have permission of the supervising instructor and the department. Course of study, meetings, and credit are arranged upon approval.

  
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    EXSS 4950 - Internship


    6 cr.

    Students gain 240 hours of field experience at an outside agency related either to the fitness industry or clinical physiology. Assignments are contingent upon the student’s abilities, interests, career goals, and acceptance by the cooperating institution. One or two full days during the week may be required. Two on-campus meetings are required, as is a critical incidents journal, an informational interview, a comprehensive paper and an oral presentation. A minimum of six credits is required. Fulfills the speaking and listening requirement for the EXSS major.

    Prerequisite(s): EXSS 3450 , senior standing, a 2.5 in EXSS courses, and approval of the Exercise and Sport Science department.

French

  
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    FREN 1000 - French for Beginners I


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The correct pronunciation, reading ability and fundamentals of grammar and syntax are taught in this class. Over the semester French gradually becomes the working classroom language. The class is designed for students with no language experience or less than two years of French at a high school level. CTW, GDCN

    Note: Students with two or more years of language instruction are not admitted without permission of the instructor.
  
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    FREN 1100 - French for Beginners II


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This class serves as a continuation of FREN 1000 . CTW, GDCN

  
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    FREN 2000 - Intermediate French I


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered in the Fall.

    This course includes practice in conversation practice as well as readings stressing life, customs and culture of France.

    Prerequisite(s): Two years of high school, French II.
  
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    FREN 2100 - Intermediate French II


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This course serves as a continuation of FREN 2000 .

  
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    FREN 2400 - Methods for Teaching French in the Elementary School


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course provides techniques and materials for use in teaching French at an elementary school level. The course is required for foreign language specialization. A minimum of 12 semester hours of French or its equivalent and the instructor’s permission is required to enroll.

  
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    FREN 3000 - French Civilization


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course covers the history, geography, fine arts and literature of the French people from the earliest times through today. Course work includes extensive readings in French.

    Prerequisite(s): FREN 2100 .
  
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    FREN 3300 - French Literature


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This course will present a cultural, historical and sociological study of France as mirrored in selected works of French writers and thinkers. The time period is from the medieval ages through and including the 20th century. LIT

    Prerequisite(s): FREN 2100 .
  
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    FREN 3500 - French Conversation and Composition


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This course is recommended for students who desire greater fluency in speech and writing as well as for students taking civilization and literature courses.

    Prerequisite(s): FREN 2100 .
  
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    FREN 4901 - Independent Study


    1-3 cr. 1-3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The Independent Study is open to students in the language with the permission of the supervising instructor and the department chair. Meeting times and credit are arranged upon approval.

  
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    FREN 4903 - Independent Study


    1-3 cr. 1-3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The Independent Study is open to students in the language with the permission of the supervising instructor and the department chair. Meeting times and credit are arranged upon approval.

  
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    FREN 4906 - Advanced Independent Study in French


    6 cr. 6 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The Independent Study is open to students in the language with the permission of the supervising instructor and the department chair. Meeting times and credit are arranged upon approval.

    Prerequisite(s): Minimum of 12 semester hours, 2.0 grade-average in French, and permission of Department Chairman.
  
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    FREN 4975 - Directed Study


    1-6 cr. Day course offered every Semester.


Geo/Physical Sciences

  
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    GEOG 1000 - Earth Systems Science


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    Students receive a holistic view of Earth and the spatial relationships between its physical, chemical, geological, and biological systems. Students learn fundamental scientific principles of physical geography and discuss human-earth interactions. Topics include earth-sun relationships, atmospheric processes, physical geology, and water resources. Human impacts, such as ozone depletion, global warming, and water and air pollution, are discussed. Credit can not be earned for both GEOG 1000 and GEOG 1300 . SMT

  
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    GEOG 1100 - Principles of Human Geography


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    Introduction to geographical dimension in human behavior and how this is evident in population distribution, rural and urban land use, and social, economic and political attributes of societies. CTW, GDCN

  
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    GEOG 1300 - Earth, Sea, and Air


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The course is comprised of selected topics from the Earth Sciences Learning Standards of the Massachusetts Science Curriculum Frameworks. Laboratory required. Credit can not be earned for both GEOG 1000  and GEOG 1300 LAB, SMT

  
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    GEOG 2000 - Astronomy


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    After a brief introduction to the history of astronomy in Western civilization we discuss at an elementary level how light is produced and how telescopes work with light. In turn we then examine the solar system (comparative planetology) and the birth, evolution and death of stars and in the end consider the birth and death of the universe. This course is cross-listed as PHYS 2000 . SMT, LAB

  
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    GEOG 2100 - Geology


    3 cr. 4 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

    The course is offered in the spring semester for day students. The course is an introductory survey of the basic elements of physical and historical geology. The class is open to all students. A laboratory is required. LAB

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1000  is strongly suggested.
  
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    GEOG 2200 - Meteorology


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered annually. Also offered evenings.

    Fundamental principles of atmospheric processes are discussed, with emphasis on mid-latitude phenomena. Tropical and severe weather are also explored. Weather forecasting techniques using real-time data are introduced. LAB

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1000  is recommended.
  
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    GEOG 2250 - Honors Seminar Geo/Physical Sciences


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    This course will introduce students to the study of the natural world through a focus on a major topic in Geo/Physical Sciences. This course is cross-listed as HON 2250 .

    Prerequisite(s): Students should have completed one math course at the college level.
  
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    GEOG 2400 - Computer Applications in Geography/Earth Science


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    Computer based applications to actual case studies and situations using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as an investigation tool for geosciences. Lab exercises on PC-based GIS packages. SMT

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1000 .
  
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    GEOG 2500 - Oceanography


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course is designed to provide students with an overview of fundamental scientific concepts that describe ocean processes. Topics include marine geology (ocean basins, sediments), marine chemistry (properties of seawater), physical oceanography (waves, tides, currents), and biological ocenaography.  Marine environmental issues are also explored. LAB, SMT

  
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    GEOG 2800 - Map Use


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered annually.

    This course considers the nature and role of maps in communicating aspects of the Earth’s natural and human environments. Skills learned include map reading, relating map symbols to real world features, map analysis, extracting information from maps and map interpretation. SMT

  
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    GEOG 2860 - Introduction to Secondary School Teaching


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    This course is required of all students preparing for initial license at the secondary level. It is a sophomore level course for full-time undergraduates and the first course taken by transfer students. It is taught at the local high school and is a clinical laboratory experience. This course includes a 25-hour prepracticum requirement and is a prerequisite for other certification course requirements. Students become familiar with the complexities of secondary school teaching and its demands. The course gives faculty the opportunity to screen students and give students the opportunity to test their commitment to teaching.

  
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    GEOG 3000 - Geographic Economic System


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered as needed.

    The course analyzes factors underlying the spatial distribution of primary, secondary and tertiary economic activities, with emphasis on locational processes in commercial economies.

  
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    GEOG 3100 - Political Geography


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    The course examines dependent and independent, political units, boundary disputes, strategic areas, buffer zones and the function of international organizations.

  
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    GEOG 3110 - Climatology


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    This course includes an overview of the climate system and regional climate classification schemes, and examination of natural, long-term climate change.  Recent and future climate change scenarios, including the role of human activity in altering Earth’s climate chemistry, are also discussed. SMT

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1000  or GEOG 2200  Meteorology or permission of the instructor.
  
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    GEOG 3120 - Computer Cartography


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    The course of Computer Cartography is focused on making thematic maps in a GIS environment.  Taken into consideration are the nature and purpose of mappable information, elements of map design and method involved in map construction.  Basic spatial analysis and GIS (geographic information system) skills are introduced and utilized as tools to facilitate map making. SMT

  
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    GEOG 3200 - U.S. and Canada


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    The course includes U.S. and foreign area studies. Students conduct regional and systematic analysis based upon geographic elements influencing domestic evolution and international relations.

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1000  or   or   or   or   or   or   or   .
  
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    GEOG 3250 - Introduction to Historical Geology


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every other year Offered fall semester in even years for day students.

    This course studies the physical history of the Earth based on evidence from the rock and fossil records from the early Paleozoic Era through the present. The evolution of life forms, subjective and absolute dating methods, fossil identification and fossil evidence supporting plate tectonics theory are some of the topics studied. Laboratory is required.

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2100 .
  
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    GEOG 3270 - Common Rocks and Minerals


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every other year. Offered spring semester in odd years for day students.

    Major rock and mineral types are studied. Considerable time is spent on field and laboratory identification techniques. Mineral crystal systems and rock and mineral forming processes are also studied. Laboratory is required.

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2100 .
  
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    GEOG 3400 - Population Geography


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    The course addresses population processes and characteristics relative to resources in both economically developed and underdeveloped countries and regions. Course material provides both a systematic and regional view of world population problems. CTW, GDCN

  
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    GEOG 4000 - Geographic Information System


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered annually.

    Introduction to basic concepts and applications of geographic information systems (GIS). Lab exercises on PC-based GIS packages. SMT

    Prerequisite(s):   or   or   or  
  
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    GEOG 4110 - Atmospheres III—Planetary Atmospheres


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    This course seeks to explain the similarities and differences between the Earth’s atmosphere and the atmospheres of the planets and moons in our solar system. Each atmosphere is studied to determine its chemical composition, thermal structure, energy budget, pressure, wind systems, clouds, precipitation and other pertinent meteorological phenomena.

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2200 .
  
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    GEOG 4200 - Geomorphology


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    The course provides a comprehensive study of land forms and their origins. Laboratory is required. LAB

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2100 , Geology.
  
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    GEOG 4220 - Structural Geology


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every other year. Offered in the fall semester in odd years for day students.

    This course studies rock structures developed by the application of deformational forces. Topics covered include the elementary concepts of stress and strain and the geometry of joints, faults, folds, foliations and lineations. LAB

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2100 , PHYS 2300 , MATH 1300 .
  
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    GEOG 4400 - Urban Geography


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    Theory and models of the functions, origin, development, structure, and distribution of cities; land-use classification; geographic aspects of city planning, with GIS (geographic information systems) based applications to actual cases studies. CTW, GDCN

  
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    GEOG 4500 - Remote Sensing of the Environment


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    Techniques in the use of satellite and aerial imagery as applied to landscape analysis and resource management are studied. Laboratory is required.

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2100 .
  
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    GEOG 4600 - Environmental Hydrogeology


    3 cr. 4 hr. Day course offered every other year. Offered spring semester in even years for day students.

    A case study approach is used to apply basic principles of geology to environmental problems caused by flooding, groundwater contamination, pollution due to human activity and landslides, among other topics. Laboratory is required.

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2100  or GEOG 4200 , CHEM 1300 , MATH 1300 , PHYS 2300 .
  
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    GEOG 4700 - Geographic Perspectives on Conservation


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every other year.

    The course provides an analysis of natural resources problems arising from changes in technology, population pressure and concern with the quality of environment.

    Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1000 .
  
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    GEOG 4850 - Special Methods in Teaching Earth Science


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The course reviews lesson planning, selection of materials, curriculum development and relevant research.

    Prerequisite(s): ENGL 4700  (8-12 Licensure) and ENGL 3010  (5-8 Licensure).
  
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    GEOG 4860 - Earth Science Practicum in a Secondary School I


    12 cr. Day course offered every Semester.

    For the teaching practicum in earth science, students are assigned to cooperating schools for a semester of student teaching.

  
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    GEOG 4870 - Earth Science Practicum in a Secondary School II


    12 cr. Day course offered every Semester.

    For the teaching practicum in earth science, students are assigned to cooperating schools for a semester of student teaching.

  
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    GEOG 4900 - Independent Study in Geography


    1, 2, 3 cr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The Independent Study provides exceptional students with the opportunity to do research with faculty guidance in a subject or problems of geographic significance.

    Prerequisite(s): 12 hrs. of Geography. Hours and credit by arrangement.
  
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    GEOG 4940 - Internship in Geography


    3 cr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The Internship provides work experiences in private and governmental concerns. Assignments depend on the needs of the participating agency and interests and vocational objectives of the student.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior or senior standing and permission of internship coordinator.
  
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    GEOG 4950 - Internship in Geography


    6 cr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The Internship provides work experiences in private and governmental concerns. Assignments depend on the needs of the participating agency and interests and vocational objectives of the student.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior or senior standing and permission of internship coordinator.
  
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    GEOG 4960 - Internship in Geography


    12 cr. Day course offered every Semester.

    The Internship provides work experiences in private and governmental concerns. Assignments depend on the needs of the participating agency and interests and vocational objectives of the student.

    Prerequisite(s): Junior or senior standing and permission of internship coordinator.
  
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    GEOG 4975 - Directed Study


    1-6 cr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.


German

  
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    GER 1000 - German for Beginners I


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

    The correct pronunciation, reading ability and fundamentals of grammar and syntax are taught in this class. Over the semester German gradually becomes the working classroom language. Students use German language films, cassettes and Apfeldeutsch, a computer course for German, as part of their instruction. Students with two or more years of German are not admitted without permission of the instructor. L, C

  
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    GER 1100 - German for Beginners II


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This class is a continuation of GER 1000 .

  
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    GER 2000 - Intermediate German I


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This course includes practice in conversation as well as readings stressing life, customs and culture of Germany.

    Prerequisite(s): Two years of high school German or GER 1000  and GER 1100 .
  
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    GER 2100 - Intermediate German II


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This class is a continuation of GER 2000 .

  
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    GER 2800 - Modern German Literature in Translation


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course introduces the varied creativity of German writers of fiction, drama and poetry of the 20th century. The German film contribution of the 1920’s with feature-length films is included. Readings are in translation and the course is conducted in English.

  
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    GER 2900 - Modern German Culture: The Road to Hitler


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    The course examines the cultural factors in music, art, literature, and film, which illuminate the events leading to National Socialism. Readings focus on translated materials, especially in literature, which help to explain why the Germans embraced Adolph Hitler. The class includes a significant audio-visual component and is given in English.

  
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    GER 3500 - German Conversation and Composition


    3 cr. 3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.

    This course is designed to increase the student’s ability to write and speak German. Students are expected to write compositions on topics developed orally in class.

    Prerequisite(s): GER 2100 .
  
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    GER 4901 - Independent Study in German


    1-3 cr. 1-3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

  
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    GER 4903 - Independent Study in German


    1-3 cr. 1-3 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

  
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    GER 4906 - Advanced Independent Study in German


    6 cr. 6 hr. This course may be offered less than once every two years. Also offered evenings.

    The Independent Study is open to students studying German with the permission of the supervising Instructor and the department chairman. Meeting times and credit are arranged with approval.

  
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    GER 4975 - Directed Study


    1-6 cr. This course may be offered less than once every two years.


History

  
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    HIST 1000 - World Civilizations I


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course covers the beginnings of humanity to 1350. It investigates ancient empires and the development of the great world religions. The interdependence of Eurasia is stressed while the independent existence of the Amerindian and African empires is also explored. CTW, GDCN, HIST

  
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    HIST 1100 - World Civilizations II


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course investigates the period 1350 to 1815. The rise of Europe, the resurgence of Islam, the alteration of the Americas and the continued independent existence of Asiatic and African empires is studied. Additional emphasis is placed on worldwide interdependence. CTW, GDCN, HIST

  
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    HIST 1150 - World Civilizations III


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    This course studies the major wars as well as the social, economic and political changes in the world from 1815 to the present. Major themes covered are nationalism, global interdependence and the effects of technology upon peoples. CTW, GDCN, HIST

  
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    HIST 1400 - United States History I


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The course is a survey of United States History beginning with colonial times and continuing through the era of Reconstruction following the Civil War. CTW, HIST

  
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    HIST 1500 - United States History II


    3 cr. 3 hr. Day course offered every Semester. Also offered evenings.

    The course is a survey of the United States from 1877 to the present. CTW, HIST

 

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